The Basic Principles Of causes of peripheral neuropathy



Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal performance of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are diverse therefore is the treatment. Lots of a times, the neuropathy is practically permanent and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing further progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.

Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are primarily treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is because of malfunctioning absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment might or might not totally reverse the neuropathy and minimize the symptoms and in many cases there is some permanent damage to nerves and persistent signs regardless of treatment. Just recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has also been found. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Once again the reaction is variable and may take many months.

Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based upon particular cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical approaches like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), local injection of steroids in wrist, neuropathy in legs and preventing irritating aspects like typing in incorrect positions, use of hand tools etc. If symptoms not relieved by this technique, then surgical treatment is likewise a choice and is most typically alleviative if no long-term damage to nerve has already occurred. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment is variable.

The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, caused by lack of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is mainly encouraging.

Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy. There might be some particular treatment in specific cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can usually be avoided by providing pyridoxine along with it.


Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any complications due to neuropathy.

Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is avoiding the irritant food item causing neuropathy.

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